Open Chemistry Journal


ISSN: 1874-8422 ― Volume 8, 2021

Chemical Constituents and Uses of Calotropis Procera and Calotropis Gigantea – A Review (Part I – The Plants as Material and Energy Resources)

Mazen A. M. Al Sulaibi1, 2, Carolin Thiemann1, Thies Thiemann1, *
1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, UAE
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan


The traditional and current use of Calotropis procera and C. gigantea, two soft-wooded, xerophytic shrubs of the family Apocynaceae, are reviewed against the background of the plants' chemical constituents and their biological properties. The focus is on the usage of the plants for building materials, natural pesticides, animal feed and bioremediative purposes.

Keywords: Biomaterial, Biomass, Petrocrop, Natural pesticides, Bioremediation, Calotropis procera.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 7
First Page: 1
Last Page: 15
Publisher Id: CHEM-7-1
DOI: 10.2174/1874842202007010001

Article History:

Received Date: 13/01/2020
Revision Received Date: 27/02/2020
Acceptance Date: 01/03/2020
Electronic publication date: 17/04/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Al Sulaibi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, UAE;
Tel: 0502213686; E-mail:

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