Burnout Prevalence and Associated Factors Among Brazilian Medical Students
Mariana Linhares Barbosa1, Bárbara Lopes Rodrigues Ferreira1, Thaís Nunes Vargas1, George Martins Ney da Silva2, Antonio Egidio Nardi3, Sergio Machado3, 4, Leonardo Caixeta3, 5, *
1 Unit of Pedagogical Support - Unievangélica Faculty of Medicine, Anápolis, Brazil
2 Professor of Psychiatry – Unievangélica Faculty of Medicine, Anápolis, Brazil
3 Laboratory of Panic and Respiration (LABPR), Institute of Psychiatry (IPUB), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4 Laboratory of Physical Activity Neuroscience, Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program, Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazil
5 Associate Professor of Neurology, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
This study aims to identify the prevalence of burnout and associated factors in Brazilian medical students.
In the largest medical school from Central Brazil, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and a socio-demographic questionnaire were adopted in this cross-sectional study. Correlations among the three dimensions of burnout were verified.
The evaluation of 399 students revealed a frequency of 12.0% of burnout. Women had a higher rate of burnout (8.0%) than men (4.0%). The fifth period had the higher frequency of burnout (27.1%), while the seventh grade had the lower frequency (2.1%). The students showed high scores only in emotional exhaustion (63.2%). Between the dimensions “emotional exhaustion” and “disbelief” found a significant correlation.
The fifth period of the Medicine course and the female gender are the most affected by burnout syndrome and therefore, the preventive actions to reduce stress among medical students should be directed mainly at these higher risk categories. The low burnout rate found in our study can attest that the PBL methodology and medical schools strategically located to meet regional demand may represent strategies for the prevention of burnout among medical students.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Laboratory of Panic and Respiration (LABPR), Institute of Psychiatry (IPUB), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Tel: 55-(62)32047238; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org