Patricia Ciminelli1, 2, *, Sergio Machado1, 3, Manoela Palmeira1, Mauro Giovanni Carta4, Sarah Cristina Beirith2, Michelle Levitan Nigri1, Marco André Mezzasalma1, Antonio Egidio Nardi1
1 Laboratory of Panic & Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Venceslau Bras, 71 CIPE. Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 Lagoa Federal Hospital, Ministry of Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3 Physical Activity Neuroscience, Physical Activity Sciences Postgraduate Program, Salgado de Oliveira University, Niterói, Brazil
4 Universitá degli studi di Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
Emotional stress is frequently associated with otologic symptoms as tinnitus and dizziness. Stress can contribute to the beginning or worsening of tinnitus.
The objective of the study is to evaluate the presence of stress symptoms in patients with chronic, subjective tinnitus, and correlate its presence to annoyance associated with tinnitus.
This is a cross-sectional study. One hundred and eighty patients with chronic, subjective tinnitus were included. Patients answered the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) to evaluate the impact of tinnitus in the quality of life and answered the Lipp's inventory symptoms of stress for adults (ISSL). The data obtained was organized using Excel® 2010, mean values, linear regression and p-value were calculated.
Of the 180 patients included in the study, 117 (65%) had stress symptoms, 52 of the 117 (44%) were in the resistance phase and 23 of the 117 (20%) in the exhaustion phase, the remaining was in the alert phase. There was a clear progressive increase in stress as THI raised, with more impact of tinnitus in quality of life.
The presence of stress symptoms, measured by ISSL was observed in most of our patients with chronic subjective tinnitus, specially in the resistance and exhaustion phases and it is directly associated with tinnitus annoyance.
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Address correspondence to this author at the Laboratory of Panic & Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Venceslau Bras, 71 CIPE. Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Tel: +5521992334888; E-mail: email@example.com