In the present article the effect of kosmotrope compounds, i.e. systems having the capability to stabilize biological macromolecules, is investigated by using complementary techniques. The attention is focused on the kosmotrope character of trehalose, a glucose disaccharide, compared to its homologous maltose and sucrose. Complementary techniques of neutron scattering, such as Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) and Quasi Elastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) allow to point out the capability of trehalose to strongly affect both the structural and dynamical properties of water. Finally the stabilization effect of trehalose on a well know protein, lysozyme, is studied as a function of temperature by Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS).
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