Safety has always been the focus of debate on genetically modified food (GMF). To understand consumers’
risk perception of GMF and its influencing factors, this study investigated 300 consumers from 6 cities in Jiangsu province,
China by questionnare. The data were analyzed by using independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and principal
component analysis. The results showed that most consumers worried about the safety of GMF and hoped GMF to be labeled
with identity; meanwhile, their purchase intention of GMF was not high. Some of consumer characteristics including
gender, education background, personal annual income, and with at least one child under 18, significantly influenced
their risk perception of GMF. Furthermore, the main factors significantly influencing the consumers’ risk perception of
GMF were as follows in order of influence degree: health risks (0.386), ecological risk (0.187), and social risk (0.163).
Consequently, the government should strengthen the popularization of scientific knowledge on genetically modified technology
as well as GMF and simutaneously reinforce standardized management of GMF label.