The Open Civil Engineering Journal

ISSN: 1874-1495 ― Volume 14, 2020

Experiment and Design Method on Cold-Formed Thin-Walled Steel Lipped Channel Columns with Slotted Web Holes Under Axial Compression

Xingyou Yao1, 2, *
1 Nanchang Institute of Technology, Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering Infrastructure Security, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330099, P.R. China
2 Tongji University, Department of building Engineering, Shanghai, 200092, P.R. China



Cold-formed steel structural sections used in the walls of residential buildings and agricultural facilities are commonly C-shaped sections with web holes. These holes located in the web of sections can alter the elastic stiffness and the ultimate strength of a structural member. The objective of this paper is to study the buckling mode and load-carrying capacity of cold-formed thin-walled steel column with slotted web holes.


Compression tests were conducted on 26 intermediate length columns with and without holes. The tested compressive members included four different kinds of holes. For each specimen, a shell finite element Eigen-buckling analysis and nonlinear analysis were also conducted. The influence of the slotted web hole on local and distortional buckling response had also been studied. The comparison on ultimate strength between test results and calculated results using Chinese cold-formed steel specification GB50018-2002, North American cold-formed steel specification AISI S100-2016, and nonlinear Finite Element method was made.


Test results showed that the distortional buckling occurred for intermediate columns with slotted holes and the ultimate strength of columns with holes was less than that of columns without holes. The ultimate strength of columns decreased with the increase in transverse width of hole in the cross-section of member. The Finite element analysis results showed that the web holes could influence on the elastic buckling stress of columns. The shell finite element could be used to model the buckling modes and analysis the ultimate strength of members with slotted web holes. The calculated ultimate strength shows that results predicted with AISI S100-2016 and analyzed using finite element method are close to test results. The calculated results using Chinese code are higher than the test results because Chinese code has no provision to calculate the ultimate strength of members with slotted web holes.


The calculated method for cold-formed thin-walled steel columns with slotted web holes are proposed based on effective width method in Chinese code. The results calculated using the proposed method show good agreement with test results and can be used in engineering design for some specific cold-formed steel columns with slotted web holes studied in this paper.

Keyword: Axially-compressive members, cold-formed steel, effective width method, slotted hole, buckling, thin walled steel.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2017
Volume: 11
First Page: 244
Last Page: 257
Publisher Id: TOCIEJ-11-244
DOI: 10.2174/1874149501711010244

Article History:

Received Date: 10/11/2016
Revision Received Date: 11/02/2017
Acceptance Date: 23/02/2017
Electronic publication date: 31/05/2017
Collection year: 2017

© 2017 Xingyou Yao.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Nanchang Institute of Technology, Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering Infrastructure Security, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330099, P.R. China; Tel:+86-15079190103; E-mail:

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