For the purpose of getting a better understanding on failure mechanism of rock fracturing due to construction
perturbation inside the rock slope at the right bank of Dagangshan Hydropower Station, southwest of China, a highprecision
microseismic monitoring system was installed and source location data has preliminarily been investigated. The
optimal design of microseismic monitoring network, especially the sensor array was investigate based on P method and
Powell algorithm. The positioning accuracy of the system has been adjusted according to the artificial fixed blasting tests.
The testing results show that the error in localizing microseismic source is less than 10 m within the scope of the sensor
array, indicating that the positioning accuracy for the monitoring system deployed at the right bank slope is high. Signals
from 255 microseismic events with moment magnitude ranging from -1.8 to -0.4 were recorded during the 2-month
monitoring period. The cluster distribution of microseismic events such as the concentration of microseismicity inside the
drainage tunnel at 1081 m level can directly reflect the construction progress. The present study has significantly
improved the understanding of the characteristics of the failure associated with excavation inside the rock slope. It will
greatly benefit the prediction on potential sliding areas and support to prevent hazards during construction phases.