School of Dentistry, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia
Oral leiomyomas are rare, benign neoplasms of smooth muscle origin, presenting as a solitary, asymptomatic, nodular mass.
Here we present the case of a 54-year-old male with a lesion in the midline of his hard palate, which was diagnosed as a localized benign leiomyoma, along with a review of the recent literature.
Diagnosis of a leiomyoma must be based on the histopathological assessment of tissue as the clinical appearance is non-specific. The peak prevalence of head and neck leiomyoma is observed in the 4th and 5th decade of life with uncertain gender predilection. Histological features include interlacing fascicles of smooth muscle small cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm. Complete excision is usually curative and recurrence is rare.
Due to their rare nature, it is important that cases of oral leiomyoma can be reported in the literature to improve our understanding of this entity.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Oral Medicine Clinic, Oral Health Centre of Western Australia, E Block, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia 6009, Tel: +61 8 64577626; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org