The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

Attitudes toward Social Media among Practicing Dentists and Dental Students in Clinical Years in Saudi Arabia

Khalid Aboalshamat1, *, Sharifah Alkiyadi2, Sarah Alsaleh3, Rana Reda3, Sharifa Alkhaldi2, Arwa Badeeb3, Najwa Gabb3
1 Dental Public Health Division, Department of Preventative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2 Armed Forces Hospital, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
3 Private Practice, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia



Recently, social media use has been rising among dental students and practitioners.


The aim of this study was to investigate the usage, attitudes, and professionalism on social media among dental students and dentists in Saudi Arabia.


This cross-sectional study investigated 779 dental students, interns, and dentists recruited from university hospitals and private clinics in three major cities (Jeddah, Riyadh, and Dammam), representing the eastern, central, and western regions of Saudi Arabia. Validated questionnaires were distributed to the participants asking about the use of social media for general purposes and professional purposes, attitudes on the social media, professionalism on social media, and the use of social media for marketing purposes. This study was ethically reviewed and approved by the Faculty of Dentistry Institutional Review Board, Umm Al-Qura University with application number (102-18).


Among the participants, the social media platforms most frequently used on a weekly basis are WhatsApp (m = 6.13 days/week, SD = 2.10), Snapchat (m = 5.33, SD = 2.65), and Instagram (m = 4.63, SD = 2.84). LinkedIn was the least frequently used platform. The most common professional uses were to watch clinical procedures (80.49%), find new information (79.59%), learn from peers (61.1%), and communicate with patients (5.76%). Only 47.75% followed their university or workplace professionalism guidelines, and 31.74% do not have any professionalism guidelines for using social media. There were 28.75% of participants who had considered posting information/photos about a patient without the patient’s permission, those who had criticized a dental colleague numbered 49.04%, and 59.69% had criticized a dental organization. However, only a few items had statistically significant differences between dental students and dentists.


More stringent guidelines regarding proper conduct online should be implemented and included in the dental continuous education material.

Keywords: Social media, Attitude, Professionalism, Dental students, Dentists, Saudi Arabia.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 13
First Page: 143
Last Page: 149
Publisher Id: TODENTJ-13-143
DOI: 10.2174/1874210601913010143

Article History:

Received Date: 15/01/2019
Revision Received Date: 24/02/2019
Acceptance Date: 19/03/2019
Electronic publication date: 28/03/2019
Collection year: 2019

© 2019 Aboalshamat et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Dental Public Health Division, Department of Preventative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University, Taif Road, 21955, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; Tel: +966 12 527 0000; E-mail:


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