The Open Mechanical Engineering Journal




ISSN: 1874-155X ― Volume 13, 2019

Diagnosis Model of Pipeline Cracks According to Metal Magnetic Memory Signals Based on Adaptive Genetic Algorithm and Support Vector Machine


The Open Mechanical Engineering Journal , 2015, 9: 1076-1080

Lihong Gong, Zhuxin Li, Zhen Zhang

Department of Military Oil Supply Engineering, Logistic Engineering University of PLA, Chongqing 401331, China.

Electronic publication date 2/11/2015
[DOI: 10.2174/1874155X01509011076]

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Abstract:

Metal magnetic memory (MMM) signals can reflect stress concentration and cracks on the surface of ferromagnetic components, but the traditional criteria used to distinguish the locations of these stress concentrations and cracks are not sufficiently accurate. In this study, 22 indices were extracted from the original MMM signals, and the diagnosis results of 4 kernel functions of support vector machine (SVM) were compared. Of these 4, the radial basis function (RBF) kernel performed the best in the simulations, with a diagnostic accuracy of 94.03%. Using the principles of adaptive genetic algorithms (AGA), a combined AGA-SVM diagnosis model was created, resulting in an improvement in accuracy to 95.52%, using the same training and test sets as those used in the simulation of SVM with an RBF kernel. The results show that AGA-SVM can accurately distinguish stress concentrations and cracks from normal points, enabling them to be located more accurately.


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