In the traditional design of the working equipment of the hydraulic excavator, its stress distribution was almost
determined by adopting the static calculation method, and then its strength was ensured by selecting the safety factor,
which is not fully considered because of the dynamic stresses resulting from shocks and vibrations in the operating
process of the hydraulic excavator. Based on the finite element analysis software ANSYS, the 3D models of the main
components (boom and bucket rod) of the working equipment for certain type of hydraulic excavator were analyzed. The
inherent frequency and the main vibration mode were analyzed by extracting the first 6-th order modal. The research
results show that with the increase of modal order, the vibrating mode form increased in complexity. The first and the
second orders vibrating mode can be both a linear bending deformation or muster within a certain plane individually.
From the beginning of the third order, the model deflection begins to become a mutual coupling complex vibrating type
which showed multiple orders of bending and torsion deformation. The maximum deflection of boom is concentrated near
the ear plate as well as the hinge point connected with boom and oil cylinder. On the other sides, the maximum deflection
of bucket rod is concentrated on its middle part. i.e. between the hinge joints of rocker and the ear plate as well as near the
rear supporting plate. Therefore, in order to ensure strength and working safety of the working equipment, it is necessary
to improve the structure of the maximum deformation. The Modal analysis provides important modal parameters for the
corresponding analysis of the boom and bucket rod of the working equipment in hydraulic excavator, and provides a basis
for the optimization design of the analysis on total vibration and structural dynamic characteristics.