Predictive Factors for Successful High Myopia Treatment Using High-Frequency Laser-In-Situ Keratomileusis
Widya Artini1, 2, *, Setyo B. Riyanto2, Johan A. Hutauruk2, Tjahjono D. Gondhowiardjo1, 2, Aria Kekalih3
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Kirana Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
2 Jakarta Eye Center Menteng Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
3 Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
To evaluate the predictive factors of LASIK procedure for high myopia with or without astigmatism using a combination of high-frequency femtosecond-assisted LASIK followed by an excimer laser.
This study was a retrospective interventional case series study to evaluate myopic eyes undergoing high platform LASIK with FEMTO LDV Z2 intervention, followed by WaveLight®EX500 excimer laser machine. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: high myopia (SE of -6.01 to -9.00 D) and very high myopia (SE of -9.01 D or higher). Myopic eyes (Spherical Equivalent/SE) less than –13 D were included in this study. Visual Acuity (VA) was evaluated 1 day and 60 days after the procedure. Predictive factors, such as age, degree of sphere, degree of astigmatism, keratometric reading and axial length were analyzed to detect any influences affecting the final VA results.
A total of 316 myopia eyes underwent intervention, mean age: 25.3±3.8 years. Target treatment was achieved in 96.1% of patients with high myopia and 69.9% of patients with very high myopia. High degree of sphere and astigmatism constitutes an important factor influencing final VA.
Modern machines provide a more promising efficacy and success of LASIK procedure in high myopia: important predictive factors were a high degree of sphere and astigmatism for achieving the optimal final outcome.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Kirana Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia; Tel: +62811841010 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org