Recurrent Photoreceptor Loss with Spontaneous Recovery as a Presenting Sign of Syphilitic Outer Retinopathy
Jessica G. Shantha1, Gregg T. Kokame2, 3, 4, 5, 6, *, Lucas Kim7
1 Department of Emory Eye Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
2 Department of Surgery, Division of Ophthalmology, University of Hawaii School of Medicine, 651 IIalo St. Honolulu, HI,
3 The Retina Center at Pali Momi, HI, USA
4 Retina Consultants of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, 96813, USA
5 Hawaii Macula and Retina Institute, HI, USA
6 John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, HI, USA
7 Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, GA, USA
A 64-year-old male presented with sudden onset of decreased vision with a central blind spot and shimmering visual symptoms without significant inflammatory findings, and was noted on optical coherence tomography to have localized loss of photoreceptors, which spontaneously resolved after two weeks. This recurred subsequently three times spaced by months of recovery with normal vision and normal photoreceptors. In the fourth episode, the patient developed an arcuate-shaped area of outer retinitis more typical for acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinitis, and the diagnosis was made serologically. With subsequent treatment for syphilis, there was not any recurrence after the treatment and vision recovered to 20/20 with a normal photoreceptor layer.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Surgery Division of Ophthalmology, University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Medical Director, Hawaii Macula and Retina Institute, 98-1079 Moanalua Road, Suite 470, Aiea, Hawaii, 96701, USA; Tel: 1-808-4878928; Fax 1-808-4873699;