The Open Ophthalmology Journal

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Dacryocystectomy with Lacrimal Silicone Intubation in Challenging Patients Affected by Recurrent Dacryocystitis and Epiphora: Expanding Minimally Invasive Approach Indications

Raffaele Nuzzi1, *, Federico Tridico1, Alessia Nuzzi1
Department of Surgical Sciences, Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy



In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of dacryocystectomy associated with lacrimal intubation, for the treatment of recurrent dacryocystitis and epiphora secondary to lacrimal obstruction with compromised lacrimal sac, was evaluated.

Subjects and Methods:

32 patients underwent dacryocystectomy with Crawford tubes canalicular insertion, performed by a single surgeon. Post-operative visits were scheduled at 1st and 10th day, 1, 3, and 6 months. At each follow-up visit, the prevalence of epiphora and dacryocystitis was evaluated and compared with baseline data. Also, we evaluated the prevalence of local and systemic post-operative adverse events during the follow-up period.


11 patients (34.38%) reported persistent epiphora, which lasted for 30 days after surgery. Among them, 9 subjects (28.13%) complained occasional epiphora even at the six months follow-up. In the event of dacryocystitis or subacute phlogosis before surgery, patients reported a definitive symptom resolution. Other reported adverse events were epithelial corneal erosion due to Crawford tube protrusion (4 cases, 12.5%), a Crawford tube extrusion case (3.13%), 3 cases of surgical wound dehiscence (9.36%), and a case of mild local bleeding persisting for 15 days


A significative epiphora reduction was observed after surgery with an acceptable safety profile, expanding dacryocystectomy indications. This procedure provides a satisfactory resolution of recurrent dacryocystitis. However, this approach should be performed only in well-selected cases: elderly/frail patients with altered lacrimal sacs, epiphora associated with recurrent infections, and failure after dacryocystectomy.

Keywords: Dacryocystectomy, Epiphora, Dacryocystitis, Lacrimal intubation, Dacryocystorhinostomy, Lacrimal sac.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2020
Volume: 14
First Page: 25
Last Page: 32
Publisher Id: TOOPHTJ-14-25
DOI: 10.2174/1874364102014010025

Article History:

Received Date: 21/04/2020
Revision Received Date: 21/5/2020
Acceptance Date: 04/6/2020
Electronic publication date: 30/07/2020
Collection year: 2020

© 2020 Nuzzi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Correspondence: Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Surgical Sciences, Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Turin, Via Juvarra 19, 10100, Turin, Italy. Tel: +39368203493; E-mail:;

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