4 Institute for Pathology, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Breisacherstr. 115a, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany
The aim of our study was to identify the frequency of expression of p16INK4a (CDKN2A) and HPV (human papilloma virus) in different grades of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).
Twelve specimens including CIN I (2), II (3), III (5), and CIN with beginning invasion (2), as well as 15 control specimens, were stained with antibodies against p16INK4a and MIB1. The presence of HPV was examined by PCR.
p16 as well as MIB1 were significantly elevated in CIN compared to control specimens (p<0.01) without correlation with the differentiation grade. Only two cases with CIN grade 3 contained HPV 16.
As few control specimens also showed increased p16INK4a expression, p16INK4a seems not to be a very reliable marker for the exact determination of CIN. It could serve as an additional diagnostic tool besides the morphological characterization. Our study suggested that p16INK4a elevation is not associated with HPV infection.
Received Date: 17/1/2008 Revision Received Date: 20/2/2008 Acceptance Date: 12/3/2008 Electronic publication date: 28/3/2008 Collection year: 2008
2008 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Eye Hospital, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Killianstr. 5, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany; Tel: 0049-771-2704001; Fax: 0049-761-2704057; Email: email@example.com