National Eye Centre, PMB 2267, Western ByePass, Kaduna, Nigeria
The prevalence of HIV/AIDS and HBsAg sero-positivity is very high in sub-Saharan African. There is a risk of horizontal transmission of these diseases amongst ophthalmic patients.
To determine the proportion patients for eye surgery who are HIV/AIDS and HBsAg sero-positive at the National Eye Centre, Kaduna, Nigeria.
Patients selected for eye surgery during a surgical camp at the National Eye Centre, Kaduna were counseled for Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) and HBsAg to determine their viral status.
A total of 650 patients who were selected were screened. The distributions of the indications for selection were as follows: cataract 483 (74.3%); glaucoma 44 (6.8%) and pterygium 123 (18.9%). Two patients (0.2%) were found to be HIV seropositive while 11 (1.5%) were HbsAg positive.
Pre-operative screening of all patients going for ophthalmic surgery for HIV and HbsAg may be desirable in our environment.
Keywords: HIV, HBsAg, ocular surgery, seroprevalence, Nigeria.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the National Eye Centre, PMB 2267, Kaduna, 8000001, Nigeria; Tel: 234 8035899559;