A Case Report: Custom Made Porous Titanium Implants in Revision: A New Option for Complex Issues
Giorgio Burastero1, Luca Cavagnaro1, *, Francesco Chiarlone2, Bernardo Innocenti3, Lamberto Felli2
1 Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology 2, Joint Replacement Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Corona, via XXV Aprile 38 Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy
2 Department of Orthopaedic, Policlinico San Martino Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, 16132 GENOVA, (GE), Italy
3 Department of BEAMS, École Polytechnique de Bruxelles, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium
Bone loss management is considered one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeon. In massive bone defects, few surgical options are available and they do not offer a reliable or optimal solution for knee reconstruction.
The aim of this paper is to present and justify a new custom-made approach for complex metadiaphyseal bone defects management in knee revision surgery.
We report a case of a 66-year-old woman who underwent a staged left total knee arthroplasty revision for infection with Anderson Orthopaedic Research Institute classification III uncontained femoral and tibial metadiaphyseal bone defects following five prior surgeries. Along with a case discussion, we describe clinical and radiological outcomes of 3 similar patients treated with this new custom-made device.
To manage these problems, we developed new, custom porous titanium devices for both femoral and tibial reconstruction tailored to a patient’s specific bone loss. Since, 2014, we treated four cases using custom-made porous titanium cones and we had optimal clinical and radiological results, with no instances of loosening, component migration, or mismatches between preoperative planning and intraoperative findings.
In extremely selected cases, this new device can be considered a possible and viable surgical step between “off the shelf” reconstruction implants and knee substitution with a tumor megaprosthesis.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology 2, Joint Replacement Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Corona, via XXV Aprile 38 Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy; Tel: + 39 3333011814; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org