Anesthesia for Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Current Practice: A Review
Christiane Klinkhardt1, *, Pedro Tanaka1, Aileen Adriano1
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, US
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is one of the most common chronic diseases in children. The disease affects one or multiple joints. Additionally, systemic involvement can be present either due to the condition itself or due to pharmacologic side effects resulting from treatment. This article reviews different aspects of perioperative management of patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. It outlines the risks and difficulties secondary to articular damage, and also pharmacologic treatment strategies interfering with the anesthetic plan.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, US; Tel: 408-745-9307; E-mail: email@example.com