The Open Public Health Journal




ISSN: 1874-9445 ― Volume 12, 2019
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Assessment of Antibiotic Knowledge Among Final Year Pharmacy Students at Baghdad University



Ehab Mudher Mikhael1, *, Mohammed Khudhair Hasan2, Sama Zaid Abdulridha3
1 Clinical Pharmacy Department, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Pharmacy Department, Al-Israa University College, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Ibn Alnafees Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract

Background:

Antibiotics are life-saving drugs that if misused lead to antibiotic resistance and consequently to a substantial public health issue. Pharmacists have a major role in ensuring the rational use of antibiotics to prevent antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to assess antibiotic knowledge among final year pharmacy students at Baghdad University.

Methods:

A cross sectional study using a newly developed and validated questionnaire was given for 148 final year (5th stage) students at Baghdad University – College of Pharmacy during November 2016. Only 140 students (response rate 93%) completed the questionnaire. The 10 items-questionnaire consisted of 5 major domains: Antibiotic effectiveness, side effects, resistance, use in specific cases (e.g., during pregnancy and septicemia), and the legal issues of antibiotic dispensing.

Results:

Only 20% of students have good overall antibiotic knowledge. The least knowledge for pharmacy student was in regard to antibiotic side effects and antibiotic resistance at which only 22% and 19% of pharmacists possessed good antibiotic knowledge respectively. Knowledge of student was the best in legal issues of antibiotic dispensing. There was a non-significant difference in antibiotic knowledge between male and female pharmacy students.

Conclusion:

Antibiotic knowledge among pharmacy students at Baghdad University was very poor and less than expected.

Keywords: Antibiotic, Pharmacy students, Antibiotic knowledge, Antibiotic dispensing, Antibiotic side effects, Antibiotic resistance.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2019
Volume: 12
First Page: 379
Last Page: 383
Publisher Id: TOPHJ-12-379
DOI: 10.2174/1874944501912010379

Article History:

Received Date: 30/06/2019
Revision Received Date: 20/08/2019
Acceptance Date: 05/09/2019
Electronic publication date: 30/09/2019
Collection year: 2019

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© 2019 Mikhael et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at Clinical Pharmacy Department, College of Pharmacy, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq;
Tel: 00964-07706216933; E-mails: ehab_pharma84@yahoo.com




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