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A major concern in rail industry worldwide is to ensure safety in railway operations in general and at road/rail
level crossings in particular where the number of fatal accidents has been significantly increasing over the years.
Accidents at level crossings are the result of complex interactions between factors arising from the design and operations
of level crossings. An important first step towards eliminating the causes of these accidents is thru understanding and
assessing the risks associated with a given level crossing and acting on them. This paper introduces a risk management
framework that serves this purpose. The suggested framework involves several activities, including, hazard identification,
risk analysis, evaluation, treatment and control. Having explained the suggested framework, this paper illustrates how it
can be systematically applied to mitigate risk at a given Moroccan level crossing. The efficiency and success of the
suggested risk management framework are pending its integration in a global rail safety management system also
introduced in the paper..