Abstract: Estimating traffic volume at a link level is important to transportation planners, traffic engineers, and policy
makers. More specifically, this vital parameter has been used in transportation planning, traffic operations, highway
geometric design, pavement design, and resource allocation. However, traditional factor approach, regression-‐based
models, and artificial neural network models failed to present network-‐wide traffic volume estimates because they rely on
traffic counts for model development, and they all have inherent weaknesses. A review to previous research work and the
state-‐of-‐practice clearly indicates that the Traditional Four-step Travel Demand Model (TFTDM) was generally based on
large traffic analysis zones (TAZs) and networks consisting of high functional-class roads only. Consequently, this
conventional modeling framework yielded a limited number of link traffic assignments with fairly high estimation errors.
In the light of these facts and the obvious need of accurate network-wide traffic estimates, this review is conducted. In
particular, this paper provides an extensive review of using traditional travel demand models for improved network-‐wide
traffic volume estimation. The paper then focuses on the challenges and opportunities in achieving high-fidelity travel
demand model (HFTDM). This review has revealed that, opportunities in relation to both technological advances and
intelligent data present a substantial potential in developing the proposed HFTDM for a much more accurate traffic
estimation at a network-‐wide level. Finally, the paper concludes with key findings from the review and provides a few
recommendations for future research related to the topic.