Strategies for Psychiatric Rehabilitation and their Cognitive Outcomes in Schizophrenia: Review of last five year Studies.
Antonio Rampino1, 2, Rosa Maria Falcone1, Arianna Giannuzzi1, Rita Masellis1, Linda A. Antonucci1, 3, Silvia Torretta1
1 Department of Basic Mal Science, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 70124Bari, Italy
2 Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria “Policlinico di Bari”, 70124Bari, Italy
3 Department of Education, Psychology, Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 70122Bari, Italy
Cognitive deficits are core features of Schizophrenia, showing poor response to antipsychotic treatment, therefore non-pharmacological rehabilitative approaches to such a symptom domain need to be identified. However, since not all patients with Schizophrenia exhibit the same cognitive impairment profile, individualized rehabilitative approaches should be set-up.
We explored last five-year literature addressing the issue of cognitive dysfunction response to rehabilitative methodologies in Schizophrenia with the aim of identifying possible predictors of response and individualized strategies to treat such a dysfunction.
Systematic review of literature.
A total of 76 studies were reviewed. Possible predictors of cognitive rehabilitation outcome were identified among patient-specific and approach-specific variables and a general overview of rehabilitative strategies used in the last five years have been depicted. Studies suggest a multivariate both in predicting pro-cognitive effects of cognitive rehabilitation and in designing individual-specific rehabilitative trajectories.
An individualized rehabilitative approach to cognitive impairment in Schizophrenia is possible if taking into account both patient and approach specific predictors of outcomes.
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* Address correspondence to this author at Department of Basic Mal Science, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70124 Bari, Italy; E-mail: email@example.com