Table 1: Socio-demographic and baseline characteristics by clinical setting (ER or AIU)ǂ.

ER AIU
Total of episodes, (%) 67 98
Men (%) 39 (58.2) 65 (66.3)
Age (years), median (range) 39.0 (23.0- 65.0) 41.0 (18.0-65.0)
Current diagnosis, n (%)
Schizophrenia*
single diagnosis
Bipolar affective disorders*
single diagnosis
Personality disorder*
single diagnosis
Substance use disorder*
single diagnosis
Other (autism, mental retardation, affective disorder, anorexia, etc)
Unknown

25 (37.3)
22 (32.8)
19 (28.4)
12 (17.9)
15 (22.4)
8 (11.9)
11 (16.4)
0
23 (34.3)
3 (4.5)

53 (54.1)
43 (43.9)
21 (21.4)
19 (19.4)
9 (9.2)
6 (6.1)
16 (16.3)
4 (4.1)
22 (22.4)
4 (4.1)
Psychoactive treatment
Antipsychotics
Mood stabilizers
Hypnosedatives
Antidepressants
58 (86.6)
44 (65.7)
23 (34.3)
37 (55.2)
23 (34.3)
92 (93.9)
87 (88.8)
49 (50.0)
53 (54.1)
32 (32.7)
Drug consumption reported by patient, n (%)
Alcohol
Tobacco
Cannabis
Cocaine
Club drugs (LSD, ketamine, etc)
Other drugs (amphetamines, opioids, etc)

24 (35.8)
34 (50.7)
11 (16.4)
2 (3.0)
4 (6.0)
3 (4.5)

30 (30.6)
48 (49.0)
10 (10.2)
6 (6.1)
0
4 (4.1)
Onset of agitation episode, n (%)
Morning shift (≥8- < 16 h)
Afternoon shift (≥16 - < 24 h)
Evening shift (≥0 - < 8 h)

34 (50.7%)
23 (34.3%)
10 (14.9%)

60 (61.2%)
27 (27.6%)
11 (11.2%)
Hours duration episode, median (range) 3.18 (0.42, 51.0) 1.62 (0.25, 110)

ǂ Data from the 165 episodes of acute agitation that were reported by the patients signing the informed consent form. *As single diagnosis or combined with other disorders; ER: Emergency Room; AIU: Acute Inpatient Unit

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