Table 1: Main results of the prior acute mental exertion on physical performance and psychophysiological responses.

 Author/
Year
Sample Protocol mental exertion
(Intervention)
Psychological measures Exercise measures Exercise model Mains results
(psychophysiological)
Mains results (performance)
 Bray et al. (2008) 49 subjects (21,25±1,70 years), 35 women. 3 min 40 seconds – teste Stroop or control Fatigue, effort, pleasantness of the task, frustration, mood  Isometric handrip task
 EMG hand and wrist flexors
Force recording
 Isometric handrip task
– 50% MVC
 ↔ Mental effort
 ↔ Fatigue
 ↔ Pleasantness of the task
 ↔ Mood
 ↑ Frustation
↔ RPE
 ↔ Handgrip endurance performance
 ↔ Force
↔ EMG
Marcora, Staiano, Manning (2009) 16 subjects (26±3 years), 6 women 90 minutes– AX-CPT test or control  BRUMS
Motivation
Physiological and perceptual Rectangular workload 80% of peak power output  ↑ HR ↓ [Gli]
 ↑ Fatigue ↓ Vigor
 ↔ Motivation
↑ RPE
 ↔ RPM
 ↓ TE
 ↔ HR ↔ VS
 ↔ CA ↔ MAP
 ↔ VO2 ↔VE
↔ [Lac]
 Bray et al. (2012) 38 subjects (21,47±3,16 years), 23 women 22 minutes – Stroop test or control  Visual analogue scale
RPE
Isometric handgrip force generation
EMG hand flexors
Intermittent maximum hand squeezes  ↑ Mental effort
 ↑ RPE
 ↔ EMG
↔ Fatigue
 ↓ MVC
 ↔ EMG
Brownsberger et al. (2013) 12 subjects (24±5 years), 4 women  90 minutes continuous cognitive test  Visual analogue scale Mean power output Self-paced exercise RPE (11 e 15)  ↑ Fatigue
 ↔ HR ↔ [Gli]
↔ Motivation
↔ Mood
 ↓ Power output
 Pageaux, Marcora, Lepers (2013) 10 subjects (22±2 years) 90 minutes - AX-CPT test or control  BRUMS
Motivation
 Time to exhaustion
 MVC
Submaximal isometric knee extensor exercise  ↑ HR
 ↑ Fatigue ↓ Vigor
 ↔ Motivation
↑ RPE
 ↓ TE
 ↔ MVC
↔ Amplitude e duração da onda M para o VL e RF.
 Pageaux et al. (2014) 12 subjects (21±2 years), 4 females 30 minutes –Stroop or control  BRUMS
Motivation
 HR
 [Lac]
 [Gli]
Performance
Time trial 5-km  ↑ HR ↔ [Gli]
 ↔ Fatigue
 ↔ Motivation
 ↓ Vigor
 ↑ RPE
 ↓ Performance 5-km
 ↓ Running speed
 ↔ Pacing strategy
↔ [Lac]

[Gli]: glucose concentration; [Lac]: lactate concentration; MVC: maximal voluntary contraction; CA: cardiac output; EMG: electromyography; HR: heart rate; MAP: mean arterial pressure; RPE: rate perception exertion; VE: ventilation; VO2: volume oxygen; RF: rectus femoris; RPM: rotation per minute; TE: time to exhaustion; VL: vastus lateralis;

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