Table 2: Between and within-group comparisons and effect size analysis for all outcome measures.

Variables Exercise Group (EG) Control Group (CG) Effect Sizes
Baseline
(M±SD)
Post-intervention
(M±SD)
Baseline Post-intervention
(M±SD)
Between-group Within EG Within CG
PDSS 13.8±2.4 13.0±2.0 13.2±3.4 13.0±3.3 0 0.75 0.18
BAI 29.6±7.4 24.0±7.1 24.2±9.1 24.2±8.2 0.02 1.40 0
BDI-II 21.6±10.7 15.8±9.4 21.2±11.3 21.8±10.2 -0.61 1.06 0.21
VO2max ±2.7 38.3±2.2 32.2±2.2 32.3±2.7 2.43 4.15 0.16
Resting EEG asymmetry -0.0295±0.08 -0.0280±0.04 -0.0130±0.07 -0.0553±0.05 -0.60 0.02 0.51

Legend - PDSS = Panic Disorder Severity Scale; BAI = Beck Anxiety Inventory; BDI = Beck Depression Inventory-II; VO2max = maximum consumption oxygen in mL.kg-1.min-1.

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