Table 1: Bamboo species that are used as test genotypes.

Species Morphological features Source Origin/
Native to
Gigantochloa apus Strongly tufted woody bamboo with erect drooping culms that can reach a height of 8-22 m. The culms are bright green or yellowish-green when young, with an average diameter between 4-13 cm and a wall thickness between 6-13 mm. Many clustered branches at the nodes with one larger dominant branch. HARC Malaysia
Gigantochloa atter Large tufted woody bamboo with dark green culms of 15-22 m high and 5-10 cm in diameter. Culm internodes are thin-walled and are on average 40-50 cm long. Many clustered branches at the nodes with one larger dominant branch. HARC Indonesia
Phyllostachys bambusoids It can reach a height of 15-22 m and a diameter of 10-15 cm. The culms are dark green, quite thick and very straight. Leaves are dark green. The flowering interval of this species is very long, reaching about 130 years. HARC China/Asia
Guadua angostifolia It is characterized by a high growth rate (11 to 21 cm per day). It is an ideal construction material with a high percentage of fibers, a specific gravity of 0.5 to 0.6 and excellent structural properties such as a high resistance to-weight-ratio, a high capacity to absorb energy and excellent flexibility HARC South America
Guadua amplexifolia Characterized by a solid culm in the base and a small lumen in the distal part. HARC South America
Bambusa textiles Very thin culms and tight clumps. Arches are very gracefully. HARC China
Gigantochloa sumatra Characterized by the edible young shoots HARC Asia/Sumatra
Arundinaria alpina The internodes are smooth and cylindrical, but slightly tapering and sheaths are usually not shed. HARC Africa
Oxytenanthera abyssinica Clump-forming bamboo with a robust rhizome up to 10 cm in diameter with dense clums typically consisting of 20-100 culms. The plant can reach a height of 5-15 m and a diameter of 3-10 cm. The internodes the length of the internodes is between 15-40 cm. HARC Africa/Ethiopia