Table 1: Causes to Vitreous Haemorrhage in Young People

Location of Abnormal Retinal Vessels

No Abnormal New Vessels Extra Retinal Vessels Intra Retinal Vessels

No Retinal Mass/Thickening Ocular trauma Regressed retinopathy of prematurity Retinal vascular malformations
Tersons syndrome Sickle cell retinopathy Atriovenous communications
Coagulopathy Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy Retinal macroaneurism
Trombocytophenia Diabetic retinopathy
Tromobophili Retinal vein occlusion
Vitreous detachment( with or without retinal tear) Retinal artery occlusion
X-linked juvenile retinoschisis Retinal vasculitis
Pseudotumor cerebri Ocular histoplasmosis
Valsalva retinopathy

Retinal Mass/Thickening Bechet’s disease Retinoblastoma
Multiple sclerosis Cavernous haemangioma
Syphilitic retinitis Schwanoma
Dermatomyositis Neurofibromatosis
Systemic lupus erythematousus Retinal astrocytic hamartomaa
Sarcoidosis Retinal Haemangiomab
Wegener’s granulomatousis Vasoprolifreative tumours of the retina
Polyarteritis nodosa Coats disease
Eales disease
Posterior uveitis
Acute lymphocytic Leukaemia

a Associated with tuberous sclerosis.
b Associated with von Hippel Lindaus disease.
Table 1 content has been modified from Spraul et al. [2] and Spirn et al [1].