Table 1: Themes and sub-themes reflecting cultural practices which affect HIV positive patients’ adherence to HAART

Theme Sub-theme
Reasons for lack of adherence to HAART • Side effects of HAART blame on the use of cultural practices in curing the disease
• Ancestral beliefs
• Existing faith that THPs can treat HIV and AIDS
• Existence of stigma towards patients on HAART
Cultural factors influencing non- adherence to HAART • Existing beliefs that HIV is caused by witchcraft and demons
• Existing family pressure