Fig. (1) Diagram of inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 64 infants were enrolled. Patients with Do Not Resuscitate/Palliative Care status (DNR), Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) and Central Congenital Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) were excluded. After exclusion criteria, 43 technology-dependent infants meets inclusion criteria, 14 patients followed usual care and 29 comprehensive care over a period of 5½ years.