Fig. (2) Test characteristics of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), related to
gender, ethnicity, and body mass index. (A) The sensitivity and specificity of the ESS for the diagnosis of OSA are plotted for the overall
study population (N = 1900), males (N = 1092), females (N = 805), Caucasians (N = 998), Hispanics (N = 856), other races (N = 46), obese
(N = 1370), and non-obese (N = 529). (B) The sensitivity and specificity of the ESS for the diagnosis of OSA are plotted for obese Caucasian
males (OCM, N = 397), non-obese Caucasian males (NCM, N = 198), obese Hispanic males (OHM, N = 364), non-obese Hispanic males
(NHM, N = 104), obese Caucasian females (OCF, N = 269), non-obese Caucasian females (NCF, N = 130), obese Hispanic females (OHF, N
= 303), and non-obese Hispanic females (NHF, N = 82).