The Open Anesthesia Journal

Formerly: The Open Anesthesiology Journal

ISSN: 2589-6458 ― Volume 14, 2020

Note: Average publication time of 18 days between final acceptance of revised manuscript and its publication


K. Ren (Biography
K. Ren

Dr. Ke Ren completed his Ph.D studies in the University of Lowa and postdoctoral studies at the National Institutes of Health. He has nearly 40 years of experience in biochemical research focusing on Neurosciences and Pain. He is a Professor in the Department of Neural and Pain Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Dentistry. He has published more than 180 manuscripts and book chapters. He is the Editor-in-Chief of The Open Pain Journal and The Open Anesthesiology Journal since 2015. He has been serving as an editorial board member of Pain, Journal of Pain, Evidence-Based complementary and alternative Medicine, Pain Research and treatment, and Odontology.


Department of Neural and Pain Sciences
University of Maryland
Baltimore, MD

Section Editor:

J. Doyle (Biography
J. Doyle

Dr. D. John Doyle is on staff at the Department of Anesthesiology at the Main Campus of Cleveland Clinic, where he was appointed in 2002. Dr. Doyle's specialty interests are in anesthesia for ENT surgery, anesthesia for interventional pulmonology and difficult airway management. He completed a fellowship at Toronto General Hospital and earned his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. He currently holds the following positions: (1) Staff Anesthesiologist, Department of General Anesthesiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation (2002-present); and (2) Professor of Anesthesiology, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University (2006-present). Dr. Doyle has authored/co-authored more than 215 publications, with over 1,830 total citations.


Department of General Anesthesiology
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland, OH

Editorial Board Members:

C. Aurilio (Biography
C. Aurilio

Dr. Aurilio obtained her degree of Medicine in 1973 and completed her specialization in Medical Toxicology in 1981. Dr. Aurilio is currently serving as a Full Professor in Anaesthesiology Intensive Care and Pain Management since 2001, at the University of Campania L. Vanvitelli, as a Chief Executive of Anaesthesia Intensive Care and Pain Clinic at University Hospital Vanvitelli, along with many more important positions.She has about 300 publications including papers in international journals, abstracts and book chapters. She is a Director of Masterclass in the Palliative Care for Medical Doctors.


Department of Anesthesiology, Surgical and Emergency Sciences
School of Specialization in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care and Pain Therapy
University of Campania

A. Eroglu (Biography
A. Eroglu

Dr. Ahmet Eroglu is a Professor of Anesthesiology and Reanimation at the Medical Faculty of Karadeniz, Technical University in Trabzon, Turkey. He is a specialist/Consultant of Critical Care Medicine and Orthopedic Anesthesia.

He graduated in Medicine in 1986 at the Istanbul University, His specialization was in Anesthesiology in 1999 and Critical Care Medicine in 2011 at the Karadeniz Technical University. Dr. Eroglu has numerous publications in the recognized peer-reviewed journals worldwide. His research interests have focused on regional anesthesia, hypotensive epidural anesthesia, orthopedic anesthesia and analgesia, acute pain control, postoperative analgesia, patient controlled analgesia, hazards of anesthetic gases, clinical toxicology, nutrition ,critical care medicine, general and local anesthetics.


Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation
Karadeniz Technical University

R. Garg (Biography
R. Garg

Dr Rakesh Garg, MD, DNB, PGCCHM, MNAMS, FCCS is a Anesthesiologist, Intensivist and Pain Physician. He is Assistant Professor at Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, Pain and Palliative care at Dr BRAIRCH, All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, India. He graduated from University College of Medical Sciences (Delhi University) and got his MD Anesthesiology from Maulana Azad Medical College (Delhi University). He got his further training from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Thereafter he joined Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences and Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital as Assistant Professor. Later on, he joined as Assistant Professor at All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, India.


Department of Medicine
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
New Delhi

K. Higa (Biography
K. Higa

Dr. Kazuo Higa graduated from Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Japan, in 1973 and received his medical training at Fukuoka University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. He has chaired the Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, from 1999 to 2014. Professor emeritus of Fukuoka University and manager of Fukuseikai Minami Hospital as of November 2017, his areas of interest include clinical management of patients and treatment of chronic pain, especially zoster-associated pain.


Department of Anesthesiology
Fukuoka University School of Medicine

A. Jabbari (Biography
A. Jabbari

Dr. Ali Jabbari is a board certificated anesthesiologist (MD, MPH, fellowship of cardiothoracic anesthesia). He Serves as an Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine at Golestan University of Medical Sciences (GOUMS) and; attending physician at the University hospitals of GoUMs, besides simultaneously doing his research projects in the ischemic disorder research center. Previously, he worked as an Assistant professor and attending physician in the Rajaee Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center and Pediatric Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.


Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care Medicine
Golestan University of Medical Sciences
Golestan Province

S. Khanna (Biography
S. Khanna

Dr. Khanna is an Associate Professor at Department of Physiology, National University of Singapore (NUS). He received his PhD from University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, in 1990 and joined NUS in 1994 as a Lecturer after a spell of postdoctoral work at University of California, Los Angeles (USA), and University of Queensland, Brisbane (Australia). His research programme focuses on neuropathic pain and covers pre-clinical research using laboratory animals. He is particularly interested in the role of forebrain theta network of structures and is elucidating the circuitry and the neurochemistry that underpins the influence of the network on the affective-motivational dimension of pain. Dr. Khanna has authored more than 30 manuscripts.


Department of Physiology
National University of Singapore

C.D. Mintz (Biography
C.D. Mintz

Dr. Mintz did his combined MD, PhD training at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and his residency and fellowship at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. He is currently on faculty at Johns Hopkins University, where he conducts laboratory research on anesthesia toxicity in the developing brain and practices as a neurosurgical anesthesiologist.


Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Baltimore, MD

G. Neelakanta (Biography
G. Neelakanta

Dr. Gundappa Neelakanta completed his M.D. degree (1977) from Faculty of Medicine, Bangalore University, India. He is currently Health Sciences Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology at University of California, Los Angeles, USA. He did his Residency (1979-1980) from St. John's Medical College Hospital, Internship (1977-1979) from Victoria Hospital, and Fellowship (1988-1989) from UCLA School of Medicine. Dr. Neelakanta received certification in 1992 from American Board of Anesthesiology. He has authored/co-authored various publications, with more than 340 total citations.


Department of Anesthesiology
University of California
Los Angeles, CA

M.B. Passavanti (Biography
M.B. Passavanti

Dr. Maria Beatrice Passavanti received her Medical Degree in 1986. She graduated in the Special Training in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care in the year 1989, and in the Special Training in Cardiology in the year 1994. Currently, she is working as Assistant Professor in Anesthesiology and Intensive Care at University of Campania L. Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy. She has successfully completed her Administrative responsibilities as Secretary of the Residency Program in Anesthesiology, Intensive Care.


Department of Woman, Child, General and Specialized Surgery
University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"

S. Tamburin (Biography
S. Tamburin

Dr. Stefano Tamburin obtained his Ph.D. degree (2004) in Neuroscience from University of Verona, Italy. He then did specialization (2000) in Neurology (50/50 and Praise) from the same university. Currently, he is Researcher of Neurology at the Department of Science, Neurology Section, University of Verona. His research activity mainly concerns the fields of Neuropathic pain, physiology and pathophysiology of motor system and motion disorders, stroke outcomes, and functions cognitive therapy in patients with neurological disorders and chronic pain. Dr. Tamburin is author/co-author of over 90 articles in various international journals, with around 1,300 total citations, and also of 5 book chapters.


Department of Neurological Sciences and Vision
University of Verona

J. Vincent (Biography
J. Vincent

Professor Jean-Louis Vincent obtained his Ph.D. (1982) at the University of Brussels. He is Professor of Intensive Care Médicine at the Université libre de Bruxelles and intensivist in the Department of Intensive Care at the Erasme University Hospital in Brussels. For 38 years, he has organized an International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, which is held every March in Brussels. Dr. Vincent has authored/co-authored over 1300 publications, with a large number of total citations, i.e. more than 140,000. For his commendable efforts in research, he was awarded the title of Baron by King Albert II of Belgium in 2013.


Department of Intensive Care
Erasme University Hospital

J.R. Holtman (Biography
J.R. Holtman

Dr. Holtman is currently Professor of Anesthesiology and Molecular Pharmacology and Therapeutics and Director of the Pain Division. He obtained his undergraduate degree in Chemistry and Ph.D. in Pharmacology from Indiana University. His medical, residency (Anesthesiology) and fellowship (Pain Medicine) training were completed at the University of Kentucky.


Department of Anesthesiology
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY

R. Costantini (Biography
R. Costantini

Raffaele Costantini, MD, PhD, is Assistant Professor, habilitated to Associate Professor, of Surgery at the Institute of Surgical Pathology of the “G. D’Annunzio” University of Chieti, Italy. He was visiting fellow/researcher at the International Transplant Center in Pittsburgh, USA (1983, 1990 and 1991) and Centre of Minimally Invasive Surgery in Essen, Germany (2012). He performs surgical work and research in pain, particularly regarding surgery for visceral pain conditions in patients with and without musculoskeletal pain and headache and experimental models of viscero-visceral hyperalgesia. He has authored/co-authored over 100 publications in international journals and books.


Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences
Institute of Surgical Pathology
University of Chieti Pescara

M. Fiore (Biography
M. Fiore

Dr. Fiore obtained his Degree in Medicine and Surgery in 2007 at the Second University of Naples and then obtained his MSc degree (Hepatology) at the University of Padua in 2012. Dr. Marco Fiore is resident of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine at the University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Italy. Specialist in Infectious Diseases. He specializes in life tethering infections in patients with end-stage liver disease. Currently he is interested in the systematic review of literature in topics of Anesthesia, Analgesia, Reanimation and Intensive Care.


Department of Women, Child and General and Specialized Surgery
University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli"

R.S. Greenberg (Biography
R.S. Greenberg

Dr. Robert S. Greenberg is an Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Greenberg earned his M.D. from Georgetown University School of Medicine. He completed residencies in Pediatrics and Anesthesiology/Critical care medicine as well as fellowships in Pediatric critical care and Pediatric Anesthesiology from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of expertise include anesthesiology, critical care medicine, pediatric acute pain management and pediatric anesthesia. Dr. Greenberg's research interests include Critical Airway Management; Non-invasive Fetal Monitoring; Neural Blockade Monitoring; Pediatric Acute Pain Management; Education; and Pediatric pain education and innovation. He has authored/co-authored over 45 publications, with about 850 total citations.


Department of ACCM
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, MD

K. Ho (Biography
K. Ho

Dr. Ho obtained his Master of Medicine in Anesthesiology from the National University of Singapore. He finished a Pain Management Fellowship at Duke University Hospital (Durham, North Carolina) in 2005. He has also completed a Fellowship of Interventional Pain Practice (FIPP) with the World Institute of Pain (WIP) in 2006.

Currently, Dr. Ho is the Clinical Director for Pain Management Service at Raffles Hospital. He is also the President of the Pain Association of Singapore. He has published more than 50 peer-reviewed journal articles, abstracts and book chapters in the fields of pain and anesthesia.


Department of Anaesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care
Singapore General Hospital
Bukit Merah

A. Jain (Biography
A. Jain

Dr. Amit Jain has more than 14 years of experience in the field of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care and is presently working as a Specialist Anesthesiologist at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, UAE. Dr. Amit has a great academic interest and has authored more than 40 publications in the elite peer-review journals. He has a keen interest in the field of perioperative medicine and many of his publications are related to the perioperative management of patients with cardiopulmonary and neurological disorders. His other professional interests and skills include airway management, pediatric and transplant anesthesia. He has been a speaker and guest faculty in various national and international conferences and has delivered lectures on topics such as perioperative antithrombotic medications, management of intraoperative brain bulge, etc. He has a teaching experience of more than 10 years and was a teaching faculty for postgraduate doctors, undergraduate doctors, BSc and MSc nursing students, and BSc operating room technicians in a premier quaternary medical institute in India


Department of Anaesthesia & Intensive Care
Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, OH
United States

P. Marchettini (Biography
P. Marchettini

Dr. Paolo Marchettini graduated in Medicine in 1979 at the University of Milan, Specialized in Neurology in 1983 and Orthopaedic Surgery in 1994 at the same University. He Trained in Pain Physiopathology and clinical research at the University of Wisconsin Madison and at the Karolinska institute in Stockholm. He is currently professor of Pain Pathophysiology and Therapy at the University Southern Switzerland, Lugano, Switzerland; Consultant for Pain Medicine of the Department of Neurology at the Scientific Institute San Raffaele, and Director of the Pain Medicine Centre of the Centro Diagnostico Italiano in Milan, Italy. He has authored 84 indexed articles, 20 chapters and 2 books on pain.


Pain Medicine Centre
San Raffaele Hospital

I. Nagy (Biography
I. Nagy

Dr. Istvan Nagy is a Reader in Nociceptive Processing and leads the work within the Nociception Group in the Section of Anaesthetics, Pain Medicine and Intensive Care (APMIC) in the Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London. Dr. Nagy is an accomplished Neuroscientist and an acknowledged expert in nociceptive processing with a long-standing interest, both in nociceptive primary sensory neurons and in the spinal dorsal horn, in cellular and molecular nociceptive mechanisms.


Department of Surgery and Cancer
Imperial College London
Chelsea and Westminster Hospital

J. Palecek (Biography
J. Palecek

Dr. Palecek obtained his medical degree (M.D.) from Charles University in Prague and defended his doctorate (Ph.D.) at the Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences. He spent several years as a visiting scientist at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. Currently, he is the head of the Department of Functional Morphology, Institute of Physiology, CAS in Prague, Czech Republic. His main scientific interest is in the area of pain research, where he has published more than 50 peer reviewed papers.


Department of Functional Morphology
Academy of Science of the Czeck Republic
Czech Republic

A.P. Schmidt (Biography
A.P. Schmidt

A.P. Schmidt, PhD in Biological Sciences from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul in 2008 and 2 Postdocs in Anesthesiology from the University of São Paulo (2012 and 2013) . He is currently a member of the liver and lung transplantation team of the Porto Alegre Hospital de Clínicas. He has published more than 50 scientific articles. He has over 1000 international citations (H 20 index), and has been a reviewer for more than 30 international journals. His main lines of research include clinical and basic studies in the area of Pain, Anesthesiology (vascular surgery anesthesia; transplant anesthesia; obstetric anesthesia; mechanical ventilation), Neuroprotection, Purinergic and Glutamatergic System.


Department of Biochemistry
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre

L. Urban (Biography
L. Urban

Dr. Laszlo Urban received his M.D. and Ph.D. in neuropharmacology from Debrecen University, Hungary. He is Honorary Lecturer of the University College London and was a visiting professor at Duke University. He is Global Head of Preclinical Secondary Pharmacology (PSP) at the Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research (NIBR), Cambridge, USA. He has been with Sandoz/Novartis since 1990, leading various global pharmaceutical research areas. He and his team are developing “safety assessment tools for decision support” which provide access to integrated information for adverse drug reaction (ADR) mitigation. He has published over 180 articles, book chapters and patents, edited 5 books and has served on the editorial board of several journals.


Department of Molecular Biology
Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research
Cambridge, MA

B.K. Bevacqua (Biography
B.K. Bevacqua

Dr. Bevacqua graduated from Georgetown University School of Medicine in 1980 and has been in practice for 34 years. He completed a residency in Internal Medicine at University of Wisconsin Hospital and a residency in Anesthesiology at the University of Vermont. He currently practices at Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital and is an Adjunct Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology at the University of Wisconsin Hospitals & Clinics. Dr. Bevacqua has extensive administrative experience, and has active interest in acute and chronic pain control as well as perioperative medicine. His research interest includes regional anesthesia with emphasis on spinal anesthesia and analgesia.


Department of Anesthesiology
University of Wisconsin- Madison
Madison, WI

B. Safronov (Biography
B. Safronov

Dr. Safronov is graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, USSR; received his PhD in Membrane Biophysics from the Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, Kiev, USSR, and did habilitation in Physiology in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Giessen, Germany. At present, he is a Principal Investigator and a Group Leader at the Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Porto, Portugal. Actual research interest of Dr. Safronov is focused on organisation of spinal nociceptive processing circuitries, as well as on biophysics and pharmacology of ion channels. His long-term objective is to understand complex and diverse principles of sensory, i.e. nociceptive, processing in the spinal cord.


Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular
Universidade do Porto

Associate Editorial Board Members:

A.N.A. El-Mazny (Biography
A.N.A. El-Mazny

Prof. Dr. Akmal Nabil Ahmad El-Mazny, MD, FICS; pursued his masters and MD in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology from the University of Cairo, Egypt. He currently serves as a Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University. His sub- specialties include assisted reproduction and gynecologic endoscopy. He was also a peer reviewer and Associate Editor for many renowned journals like F&S, EJOGRB, UOG, ARCH, JGO, MEFS etc. He contributed over 60 international publications to the world of scientific community.


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cairo University

V. Pota (Biography
V. Pota

Dr. Vincenzo Pota received his Degree in Medicine (1999-2005), degree of specialization (2006-2010), and Doctorate degree in Biotechnologies applied to Medical-Surgical Sciences (2011-2014) from the University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”. He currently serves as a Consultant at the Intensive Care Unit of University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli” from 2016. He won the EULAP Young Researcher Award Budapest in 2016 and V. Pasqualucci Award in 2007.


Department of Women, Child and General and Specialized Surgery
University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”

Executive Guest Editor:

C. Aurilio (Biography
C. Aurilio

Dr. Aurilio obtained her degree of Medicine in 1973 and completed her specialization in Medical Toxicology in 1981. Dr. Aurilio is currently serving as a Full Professor in Anaesthesiology Intensive Care and Pain Management since 2001, at the University of Campania L. Vanvitelli, as a Chief Executive of Anaesthesia Intensive Care and Pain Clinic at University Hospital Vanvitelli, along with many more important positions.She has about 300 publications including papers in international journals, abstracts and book chapters. She is a Director of Masterclass in the Palliative Care for Medical Doctors.


Department of Anesthesiology, Surgical and Emergency Sciences
School of Specialization in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care and Pain Therapy
University of Campania

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