The Open Dentistry Journal

ISSN: 1874-2106 ― Volume 14, 2020

Note: Average publication time of 18 days between final acceptance of revised manuscript and its publication


Ibtisam Al-Hashimi (Biography
Ibtisam Al-Hashimi

Dr. Al-Hashimi graduated with B.D.S and Diploma in Oral Surgery from the University of Bagdad. She received a Master degree and Ph.D. from the State University of New York, Buffalo. Currently, Dr. Al-Hashimi is a Professor at the Department of Surgery, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery , The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Dr. Al-Hashimi has published over 160 scientific publications and she is a founding member of Salivary Dysfunction Clinic in Dallas. She is the recipient of 2009 Salivary Researcher of the year and she is the Editor-in-Chief of the Open Dentistry Journal.


Department of Surgery
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, TX


Luigi Checchi (Biography
Luigi Checchi

Born in 1948. Medical and Surgical degree in 1973, Dental Specialist in 1976, Dental Researcher in 1984- 1990, Professor of Oral Surgery in 1990-2002, Dean of the School of Dentistry 1994-1997, Professor of Periodontology since 2002, Dean of Dental Hygiene School in 2008-2015 at School of Dentistry, University of Bologna (Italy). Certificate in Periodontics in 1982-1984 from University of Southern California (USA). Prof. Checchi published several papers and books on periodontal surgeries, oral hygiene and dental sutures. His practice is limited to Periodontics and Implantology. He is in the editorial board of “Dental Cadmos” Elsevier Masson S.r.L. and Co- Editor of “The Open Dentistry Journal” Bentham OPEN.


Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences
University of Bologna

Associate Editor:

Anastasios Markopoulos (Biography
Anastasios Markopoulos

Dr. Markopoulos obtained his DDS and his PhD from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He also obtained a Master of Science Degree in Oral Biology from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Dr. Markopoulos was Professor, Chairman & Graduate Program Director of the Dept. of Oral Medicine/Pathology of the Aristotle University. He has published more than 140 scientific publications.

Dr. Markopoulos is an Honorary Member of the Hellenic Society of Oral Medicine and Pathology.

Currently he is Associate Editor of this journal.


Department of Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Pathology
Private Practice

Regional Editors:

Region: Asia
Junichi Asaumi (Biography
Junichi Asaumi

Dr. Asaumi obtained a doctorate (Ph.D.) in Radiology from the Okayama University, Okayama. Currently, Dr. Asaumi is a dean of Okayama University Dental School. He is also the President of Japanese Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. He has published more than 150 scientific publications.

Dr. Asaumi is currently the Editor-in-Chief of Oral Radiology and Open Journal of Stomatology.


Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
Okayama University
Region: Europe
Marco Cicciu (Biography
Marco Cicciu

Marco Cicciù is an Assistant Professor at the University of Messina. Professor Cicciu has published articles on topics like technology, biomaterials, bone regeneration, prosthodontics for publications on Journal Oral Implantology, Journal Craniofacial Surgery, International Journal Oral Maxillofacial Implants, Journal Maxillofacial Surgery, and International Journal of Clinical Experimental Medicine. Being a Sicily native, Marco graduated in Dental Science from the University of Catania discussing a thesis realized in cooperation with the Bioengineer Department about the masticatory load and stress distribution. Marco did his Ph.D. in Orthodontic Sciences, and is currently teaching Prosthodontics and Dental Materials at the Dental School of Messina University.


Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images
University of Messina
Region: North America
Ichiro Nishimura (Biography
Ichiro Nishimura

Prof. Nishimura did DDS in 1981 from the Tokyo Dental College. He did DMD in 1993 and DMSc in 1986 (HSDM). He started tissue regeneration/ biotechnology research (1989). He served as the Director of the Harvard-MIT Biomaterials Graduate Program (1993-95). He joined UCLA (1997) and established the Weintraub Center (NIH). He is the co-director of Neuro-Engineering /translational research program (UC BRAID Drug Discovery Alliance). Nishimura served as reviewer for NIH, NSF, BBSRC and CDG. He received scientific/academic and Distinguished Faculty Awards from Harvard, University of Manchester, AADR, US HHS and IADR. His current research addresses bio/nanotechnology for wound healing of bone, skin, oral mucosa and facial nerves.


Department of Dentistry
UCLA School of Dentistry
Los Angeles, CA

Frontiers Section Editor:

Gerardo Pellegrino (Biography
Gerardo Pellegrino

Dr. Pellegrino did graduation in Dentistry from the University of Bologna, Italy. He further obtained Master of Science in Oral Surgery and Implantology and then PhD in Surgical Science at the Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery Unit, University Hospital Sant’Orsola-Malpighi and the University of Bologna headed by Prof. Claudio Marchetti. He is a fellow Researcher and Visiting Professor within the Oral Surgery and Implantology Master Course, teaching: “Three-dimensional technologies applied to Oral Surgery and Implantology” at the University of Bologna. He has contributed his publications in different national and international Journals and lectures for national and international conferences and conventions.


Department of Bio-medic and Nero-motor Science
University of Bologna

Section Editor:

G. Isola (Biography
G. Isola

Gaetano Isola, DDS, PhD, Pg.Oral Surg., is Junior Assistant Professor, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Italy. Visiting Research fellow at the “Department of Periodontology” Université de Montréal, Canada. PhD University of Turin, Italy. Master Course in Periodontology at the University of Ferrara and Verona. Specialist in Oral Surgery at the University of Naples “Federico II”. Visiting Professor at the Department of the Periodontology University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA and Visiting Researcher at the Department of Implantology and Oral Surgery at the University of Bern, Switzerland. His main research interests concern the Periodontology and Oral Surgery field.


Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties
University of Catania

Statistical Advisor:

Sadik A. Khuder (Biography
Sadik A. Khuder

Dr. Sadik A. Khuder obtained his Ph.D. degree (1992) in Biostatistics from the University of Alabama in Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. He is currently the Co-director of the Epidemiology program for the Northwestern Ohio Consortium of Public Health, Toledo, OH, USA, and is a Professor in the Department of Medicine and Department of Public Health, at the Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, OH, USA. His research interests mainly include cancer and molecular epidemiology, occupational and environmental health, statistical modeling of cause-effect relations and Meta-analysis. Dr. Khuder, as an author/co-author, has published over 140 articles in various journals, having a significant number of total citations, i.e. over 4,825.


Departments of Medicine and Public Health and Homeland Security
University of Toledo Health Science Campus
Toledo, OH

Editorial Board Members:

J. Ata-Ali (Biography
J. Ata-Ali

Dr. Javier Ata-Ali (DDS, MS, MPH, PhD) graduated from the Valencia University Medical and Dental School, University of Valencia (Spain) in 2006. In 2013, he received his PhD from the same University. He is a specialist in Oral Medicine (two-year, full-time programme), in Oral Surgery and Implantology (three-year, full-time programme) and specialist in Public Health and Health Management (one-year, full-time programme). He is the author of 42 scientific publications which are indexed in Pubmed, and has also published in international peer-reviewed Journals with high impact factor. In addition, he works as a reviewer for the most important international, peer-reviewed journals with high impact factor (as Journal of Periodontology, Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research.


Public Dental Health Service
Arnau de Vilanova Hospital

D.P. De Oliveira (Biography
D.P. De Oliveira

Dr. Oliveira got a PhD degree in Dental Clinic (concentration in Endodontics) from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2007) including a visiting scholar lasting one year at the University of North Carolina (USA). He has published articles in Journal of Endodontics and International Endodontic Journal. Currently, he is a scientific reviewer of many journals. He is Associate Professor at Federal University of Alagoas and Universitary Center Cesmac. He has experience in the area of Dentistry, Specially in Endodontics; working mainly on the following subjects: Chlorhexidine, Endodontic Retreatment, Internal Dental Bleaching, Rotary Files and Root Canal Preparation.


Department of Endodontics
Alagoas Federal University

L. Fortunato (Biography
L. Fortunato

Dr. L. Fortunato born in Torre Orsaia (Salerno – Italy) on 23 October 1955. He was awarded a degree in Medicine and Surgery in 1982 and Postgraduate Diploma in dentistry awarded in 1985. Currently he is a Dean of the School of Dentistry of Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro from 2012 to date and Head of the University Dental Clinic from 2012 to date. His research interests are Dentistry (Oral Surgery, Oral Pathology, and Prosthodontics). He has published more than 50 publications in international journals.


School of Dentistry
Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro

N. Kondoh (Biography
N. Kondoh

DR. Nobuo Kondoh obtained a doctorate (D.D.S. ph.D) in Oral surgery from the Hokkaido University, Sapporo Japan. Currently Dr. Kondoh is a professor of Oral Biochemistry in the Asahi University, School of Dentistry, Gifu Japan. He is a member of Japanese Cancer Association, Japanese Association of Oral Biology, Molecular Biology Society of Japan, The Japanese Biochemical Society and American Association for Cancer Research.


Department of Oral Biochemistry
Asahi University

A. Moeintaghavi (Biography
A. Moeintaghavi

Dr. Moeintaghavi did DDS (1995) from Mashhad Dental School. He received MSc degree in Periodontics (1998). He was lecturer and chairman of Department of periodontology (Yazd Dental School) (1999-2004). He was the research deputy (2008-2009) and the education deputy (2009-2013) of Mashhad Dental School. He received Student Acheivement Award in Endodontics (1995); Best Researcher in Dentistry Prize, Razi Festival (2008); Award of Excellence Australian Dental Association (2013). He has published more than 74 scientific articles in many journals. Serves editorial board of two other journals. He is the professor of periodontics and post graduate director of Mashhad Dental School.


Department of Periodontics
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

G. Oteri (Biography
G. Oteri

Giacomo Oteri DDS MD is an oral surgeon. He is Associate Professor of Oral Surgery and Implantology at the School of Dentistry, University of Messina. He is responsible for the Oral Surgery unit at the University Hospital "Gaetano Martino" Messina, also working in private practice limited to oral surgery and implantology. He is the actual president of S.I.d.C.O. (Italian Society of Oral Surgery) and Study Club Coordinator of the Italian section of ITI (International Team for Implantology). He is the author of more than 70 full papers in the field of Oral Surgery, Prosthesis and Implantology.


Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging
University of Messina

E. Tanaka (Biography
E. Tanaka

Dr. Eiji Tanaka is a Professor and Chair in the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Institute of Health Biosciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, since 2008. Dr. Tanaka received a DDS from Osaka University Faculty of Dentistry in 1988, a PhD in Dentistry from Osaka University Graduate School in 1993, and a special license for orthodontist from Japanese Society of Orthodontics in 1993. Dr. Tanaka’s research focus is towards biomechanics of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), application of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in dental tissue engineering, and development of nucleic acid medicine for treatment of muscle atrophic diseases. He is an author/co-author of more than 220 articles in various journals.


Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Tokushima University

L. Cerroni (Biography
L. Cerroni

Loredana Cerroni has obtained a degree in Biological Science in 1986 and has achieved the title of Ph.D. in Biochemistry in 1992 both from University of Rome Tor Vergata. Since 1996, she is a permanent researcher at the University of Rome Tor Vergata. In 1998, she was designated as a qualified expert in the sector (instruments and dental materials) (EAC N° 17.38) from DNV (Det Norske Veritas) in the CE marking Medical devices. She obtained a degree in Dentistry and Dental Prosthesis in 2000 from the University of Rome Tor Vergata and a Master in “Periodontal Disease ”, from the University of Rome "Sapienza". From January 2001, she has been structured at the University Hospital Policlinico Tor Vergata.


Department of Clinic Science and Translational Medicine
University of Rome “Tor Vergata”

L.R. Eliisa (Biography
L.R. Eliisa

Raija Lähdesmäki completed her DDS degree at the University of Kuopio, Finland 1980. Received specialty in orthodontics 2001 and defended her PhD thesis in 2006 (University of Oulu, Finland).

She is part of undergraduate studies and training in Orthodontics starting 2005. She is clinical consultant and instructor in theoretical studies in the Postgraduate Program since 11.2006.

Main research interests other than dental genetics are normal occlusal development and abnormal eruption patterns. She is a member of MRC Oulu research group and has authored 20 original peer reviewed reports and several other articles. Supervisor in three PhD studies.


Department of Oral Development and Orthodontics
University of Oulu

K. Khalaf (Biography
K. Khalaf

Dr Khalaf is currently an Associate Professor and Consultant in Orthodontics at Sharjah University, UAE. He completed a PhD from Sheffield University, UK and a formal post-CCST clinical academic training programme, UK followed by the attainment of a “Fellowship in Orthodontics” of the RCS of England, UK and accreditation as a Consultant Orthodontist. Furthermore, he completed a formal training in Higher Education which led to the award of a Fellowship of the Higher Education Academy, UK and was further awarded a Fellowship of the Faculty of Dental Trainers, RCS of Edinburgh. He has many publications in prestigious international journals.


Department of Orthodontics
University of Sharjah

K. Miyajima (Biography
K. Miyajima

Dr. Miyajima obtained DDS and a doctorate (Ph.D.) from Aichi-Gakuin University school of Dentistry, Nagoya, Japan. Dr. Miyajima also holds Masters of Science in Dentistry from St. Louis University ADE.

Currently, Dr. Miyajima is also an adjunct professor at St. Louis University ADE and teaching at Harvard University School of Dental Medicine. He has published more than 250 scientific publications.


Orthodontic Dentistry
Miyajima Dental Clinic

G. Orru' (Biography
G. Orru'

Germano Orrù is a professor in Applied Medical Technology and Methodology at the Department of Surgical Sciences, Division of Dentistry, at the University of Cagliari. Prof. Orrù graduated in Biological Sciences at University of Cagliari, with diplomas in Anatomy Pathology and Chemistry. He received a Ph.D. in Biotechnology from Siena University (2001) and a Master degree in Human Nutrition from Pavia University in 2013. From 1995, he has focused his research in the field of oral biosystems, with a great attention on the oral microbiology. He has published over 240 scientific publications and 6 patents.


Oral Biotechnolgy Laboratory(OBL)
University of Cagliari

C. Stacchi (Biography
C. Stacchi

Adjunct professor in Oral Implantology at the School of Dentistry and at the Master in Oral Surgery of Trieste University since 2007 and, currently, research fellow in the same university. In 2017 he obtained the National Academic Qualification as Associate Professor. Active founding member and President (2017-2019) of the International Piezoelectric Surgery Academy and active member of the Italian Academy of Osseointegration (IAO). He works in the Periodontology and Implantology Department of Trieste University and in his private office in Gorizia (Italy).


Department of Periodontology and Implantology
Trieste University

G. Troiano (Biography
G. Troiano

Giuseppe Troiano Assistant Professor for University of Foggia. Giuseppe Troiano received a Doctoral Degree (PhD) in Alveolar Surgery. Giuseppe Troiano is a recipient of many awards and grants for valuable contributions and discoveries in major area of Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Periodontology, Oral Surgery, Restorative and Endodontics and Evidence-Based Medicine. Giuseppe Troiano an Editor-in-Chief/Editorial Board Member of many peer reviewed journals.


Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
University of Foggia

Associate Editorial Board Members:

K.I. Afrashtehfar (Biography
K.I. Afrashtehfar

Dr. Kelvin I. Afrashtehfar obtained his Master’s in Dental Science degree at McGill University in Canada. He continued with a Fellowship in Implant Dentistry and a Doctorate in Dental Medicine at the University of Bern in Switzerland. Dr. Afrashtehfar also holds a Specialty Certificate in Implant Dentistry at the University of Kiel in Germany. Currently, he is Visiting Research Associate at the Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology at the University of Bern. His research and clinical interests include digital dentistry, implantology and reconstructive dentistry.


Department of Oral Surgery & Stomatology
University of Bern

L. Kusdhany (Biography
L. Kusdhany

Prof Linda Kusdhany is a teaching staff at Dept. of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia. She obtained her BDS degree from Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia ( 1982-1987 ) and obtained her prosthodontics specialist degree from Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia ( 1994-1997 ). She completed the Doctoral Program also from Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia ( 2001- 2003) with a dissertation entitled Determination of Mandibular Bone Density Index in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis. In 2006, she got a recognition as consultant in removable prosthodontics from Indonesian board of prosthodontics. She is now a Professor in Prosthodontics and Geriatric Dentistry in the Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia since 2011. Her current position now is Dean Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia. Since 2008, she became a member of Indonesian board of Prosthodontics and since 2010 she joined the Centre for Ageing Studies Universitas Indonesia ( CAS UI). Her research interests are bone osteoporosis, alveolar bone loss, elderly, prosthodontic treatment and quality of life. Her ongoing research now is on gene polymorphisms and osteoporosis of the jaw bone. She also joined multidisciplinary research with other national and international institutions as well as of several multidisciplinary research studies coordinated by the CAS UI. This collaboration has produced several international publications and also several copyrights. Currently, she is in the advisory board journal of International Dental and medical Research.


Department of Prosthodontics
University of Indonesia

E.N. Topcuoglu (Biography
E.N. Topcuoglu

Dr. Nursen Topcuoglu obtained her Ph.D. degree (in 2004) from the Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul University (Institute of Health Sciences), Turkey. Presently, Dr. Topcuoglu is employed as an Associate Professor at Istanbul University (Faculty of Dentistry) and also at Yeditepe University, both based in Istanbul, Turkey. Her skills and expertise mainly lie in the subject areas/fields of Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Microbial Ecology, Antibacterial Activity, Microbial Diversity, Biofilm Formation, Metagenomics, Molecular Microbial Ecology, Oral Microbiology, Microbiome, Anaerobic Cultivation Saliva, etc. Dr. Topcuoglu, as an author/co-author, has published over 30 manuscripts in various international journals of good repute.


Department of Microbiology
Istanbul University

A. Borghesi (Biography
A. Borghesi

Dr. Andrea Borghesi received his medical degree from the University of Brescia in 2000. He completed his residency training in Diagnostic Radiology at the University of Brescia in 2004. Since 2005 until present, he works as Researcher at the Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health of the University of Brescia. Aggregate Professor of Radiology at the Medical School and at the Dental School of the University of Brescia. His research in the dental field focuses on dentomaxillofacial radiology with a special interest in Cone-Beam Computed Tomography, Multidetector Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.


Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties
University of Brescia

R. Patini (Biography
R. Patini

Romeo Patini graduated in Dentistry at Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Rome in 2011; Post-Graduate in Oral Surgery at "Sapienza" - University of Rome in 2014. He has a PhD in Clinical, Cellular and Molecular Research in Dentistry at Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Rome in 2017. Currently he is research fellow in clinical dentistry at Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Rome and professor of Oral Implantology. He is visiting professor of Oral Microbiology and Periodontology at "Universidad Europea" of Madrid. Author of more than 50 contributions (including articles, abstracts and posters) in national and international peer-reviewed journals. He is invited speaker at national and international dentistry congresses and was the only Italian invited speaker to participate to the 26th and 27th International Association of Pediatric Dentistry World Congress. His fields of interest include: Periodontology, Oral Surgery, Oral Implantology, Pediatric dentistry, Oral microbiota, Proteomics of oral fluids, Methodology of research (Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses).


Department of Surgical Sciences for Head and Neck Diseases
Catholic University of Sacred Heart

M. Wieckiewicz (Biography
M. Wieckiewicz

Mieszko Wieckiewicz, DMD, MSc, PhD, graduated from the Wroclaw Medical University in 2009. Since 2010, he has been employed at the Wroclaw Medical University, and has been a visiting lecturer at the Dresden University of Technology since 2012. His scientific work involves the study on current polymers used in dentistry and etiology, diagnostics, and management of temporomandibular disorders. He is a three-time laureate of various scholarship programs that enabled him to conduct research projects in Germany. Practical postgraduate training in the area of temporomandibular disorders, orofacial pain, occlusion, and occlusal splints was held in Austria, Germany and USA.


Department of Experimental Dentistry
Wroclaw Medical University

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